Tag Archives: mills and millers

2000.50.10

Paperback book `The Scottish Country Miller` by Enid Gauldie.

The origins of milling, the social context of the miller and the technical aspects of the industry.

1997.242.1

Audio cassette recording of a Feis talk with Hector MacPhail, Hugh and Angus MacLean in 1997.

Feis Thiriodh talk in July 1996 with Hector MacPhail of Ruaig, Hugh MacLean of Barrapol and Angus MacLean of Scarinish answering questions from the public about mills and millers at Cornaigmore and Milton, township names, peat bogs in Coll and Mull, lazy beds, thatched houses, the clearances of 1875-7, crofting, erosion, horses, Land Leagues and land tenure, whiskey distilling, shipwrecks and HMS Sturdy.

1999.258.1

Audio cassette recording of Hugh Macleod of Cornaigbeg talking to Maggie Campbell in November 1999.

Hugh MacLeod (Eòghann Charrachan) of Cornaigbeg talks to Maggie Campbell in November 1999 about the smiddy in Cornaig and the blacksmith Seumas MacCallum who worked there in the 1930s and 1940s shoeing horses, the two churches in Cornaig and the preacher, Hector Meek of Caoles, church attendance, the Cornaig mill, the livestock at Whitehouse which was once a school, the weather station, the old ferries, good singers from Cornaig including Mod medallists.

2000.133.1

Audio cassette recording of Archie MacKinnon and John MacKinnon talking to Maggie Campbell in June 2000.

Archie MacKinnon (Èairdsidh Ghilleasbuig Eachainn) of Cornaigmore and John MacKinnon (Iain Aonghais) of Kilmoluaig talk to Maggie Campbell in June 2000 about the people who used to live in Cornaigmore, their relations and employment, the ferry service, the shops and Post Office in Cornaig, ministers, sea captains and crofters, seaweed as fuel, the mill at Cornaig, Lady Victoria Campbell and her good works; Archie plays a selection of Gaelic tunes on the accordion and sings a Gaelic song. Tha Èairdsidh Ghilleasbuig Eachainn a Còrnaig Mhòr agus Iain Aonghais a Cill Moluaig a’ bruidhinn ri Magaidh Chaimbeul anns an Òg Mhìos 2000 mu na daoine a b’ àbhaist a bhi fuireach ann an Còrnaig Mhòr, an càirdean agus an dreuchd, seirbheis nam bàtaichean aiseag, na bùthan agus oifis a’ phuist ann an Còrnaig, ministearan, sgiobairean agus croitearan, feamainn air ùis na connaidh, muileann Chòrnaig, bean-uasal Bhioctoria Chaimbeul agus an obair math a rinn i; tha Èairdsidh a’ cluich taghaidh de sheidean Gàidhlig air a’ bhocsa-chiùil agus tha e seinn òran Gàidhlig.

2003.189.1

Audio cassette recording of Alasdair MacArthur, Balemartine recorded by himself.

Alasdair MacArthur (Alasdair Sheumais Alasdair) talks about the island of Tiree starting with the beauty of Happy Valley then going through the townships naming shops, hills, churches, harbours, shebeens, lochs and schools and describing the different views; Alasdair also recites two poems composed by himself, one called A’ fàgail Thiriodh and the other in memory of the people named on the War Memorial in Scarinish. Tha Alasdair Sheumais Alasdair a’ bruidhinn mu Eilean Thiriodh tòiseachadh le maise a’ Chlèit an sin a’ dol troimhe na bailtean ag ainmeachadh bùthan, beanntan, eaglaisean, puirt, ‘shebeens’, lochan agus sgoiltean agus toirt cunntas air na diofar sheallaidhean; tha Alasdair a’ gabhail dà rann a’ sgrìobh e fhèin, aon dhiubh A’ fàgail Thiriodh agus am fear eile mar chuimhneachan air na daoine a tha ainmichte air fas-charn a’ chogadh ann an Sgairinis.

1999.216.3

Audio cassette recording of John MacKinnon of Kilmoluaig talking to Maggie Campbell in October 1999.

John MacKinnon (Iain Chaluim) talks to Maggie Campbell in October 1999 about the people and places in and around Kilmoluaig, the use of lichen to dye cloth red, various ruins in the area around Loch Bhasapol where there used to be salmon and trout, the son of Sir Donald MacLean who spied for Russia, how the Green got its name, the once frequent sand drifts, the water drawn from wells, working crofts with horses, planting oats, turnips and potatoes, taking grain to the mill at Cornaig and the scarcity of people where they were once so plentiful. Tha Iain Chaluim a’ bruidhinn ri Magaidh Chaimbeul anns an Dàmhair 1999 mu na daoine agus àiteachan ann agus mun cuairt Cill Moluaig, feum crotail airson aodach a dhath gu dearg, diofrach thobhtaichean mun cuairt Loch Bhasapol far am b’ àbhaist bradan agus bric a bhi, mac fear-uasal Dhòmhnall ’IcIllEathain a bha na fhear-brathaidh airson an Ruis, mar a fhuair ‘An Green’ ainm, na cathaidhean gainmhaiche a b’ àbhaist a bhi ann, uisge air a tharraing a tobraichean, ag obair air na croitean le eich, a’ cur coirce, neipean agus buntàta, a’ toirt sìol don mhuilinn ann an Còrnaig agus cion nan daoine far an robh iad uaireigin gu math lìonmhor.

1997.265.22

Newsletter `An Tirisdeach`, Autumn 1985 (2 copies).

Local news including the arrival of BT engineer Jim MacNaughton and family, also Malcolm O`Dea (Radar Station) and family, the upgrading of townships roads, the deterioration of the mains water, information on AI, sheep fecundity and unltrasonic scanning by vet Pat Boyd, RAF 518 Squadron reunion, article by Argyll & Bute Archivist Murdo MacDonald, school news, unemployment benefit, article about Rev. Donald MacCallum and a poem both in Gaelic by Neil Brownlie, Tiree Association, the history of Cornaig mill and a contribution from Rev George Donaldson.

1997.160.14

The old mill at Cornaig

Photograph of the old mill at Cornaig.

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In the second half of the 18th century landlords started investing in mills with vertical water wheels which were more efficient than horizontal mills and generated a greater income. The Cornaig mill was built by the 5th Duke of Argyll in 1803.

Although the water wheel was vertical, gears inside the mill turned the upper horizontal ‘runner’ stone over the stationary lower or ‘nether stone. These were held together by a wooden spindle which was greased with beef suet.

The grinding surfaces of the stones were ‘dressed’ by the miller every year into an elaborate pattern of channels. Grain was fed in the centre of the upper stone with the miller controlling the distance between the stones, and consequently the fineness of the meal, with a number of small wedges.

Black and white postcard of the old mill at Cornaig.

The old mill at Cornaig in the 1920s when it was still operating.