Tag Archives: land tenure

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2018.20.2

Black & white sketch of Rev. Donald MacCallum by J Gordon Murdoch, Cambuslang 1923. From the frontispiece of Donald’s book ‘Dain Domhnullan’. The Reverend MacCallum was minister of Heylipol during 1887-1889. He was a key agitator during the Highland Clearances and a chief leader during Tiree’s Crofters’ War. A memorial cairn ‘Tùr Mhic Chaluim’ was erected by the people of Tiree at Kilkenneth-Moss.

2018.20.1

Black & white photograph of the Rev. Donald MacCallum (seated) and an unidentified crofter at the cairn at Kilkenneth, which was erected to him by the people of Tiree in 1889 for all he did for them during the Crofters’ War. Digitally enhanced from a copy of the original, which was published in a newspaper from the time.

2018.14.1

Emailed information from the Archivist at Argyll Estates’ archives at Inveraray to Iain Knapman, Balephuil, regarding material relevant to the history of land settlement on Tiree. Includes printouts of the two attachments mentioned below.

“There is minimal published research on the history of the land settlement of Tiree. I understand that TM Devine in his ‘The Great Highland Famine: Hunger, Emigration and the Scottish Highlands in the 19th Century’ (Edinburgh, 2004) refers to there being 329 crofts on Tiree by 1802 and that by 1806 four fifths of Tiree was worked by crofters, but I do not know where these figures come from.

Prior to the establishment of crofts, the land was worked by communal farming settlements of multiple tenant farmers, cottars and servants – the baile. Certainly the 5th Duke of Argyll was keen to improve his lands, and the surveys of the lands and of the people who worked the lands that he commissioned towards the end of the 18th century were intended to inform agricultural improvements and the selection of the best workers to carry them out.

Apart from references in the Instructions that you have read, we hold additional correspondence within the bundle series (see attached list for possibly relevant bundles) and there is also a portfolio of specifically Tiree related material, ref. PV65, which Eric Cregeen listed briefly and which I assume informed his publication of the Instructions. I attach a copy of this list as well.”

2018.3.1

Three letters dated April/May 1899 from artist Duncan MacGregor Whyte, Glasgow, to the Duke of Argyll’s factor Hugh McDiarmid, requesting permission to build an artist’s studio (later known as The Studio) at Balephuil. From the archives at Inveraray Castle.

Click here to view 2018.3.1 26Apr1899 ; 2018.3.1 16May1899 ; 2018.3.1 17May1899

2017.7.1

Scottish Land Court document, 1913, drawn up between the Duke of Argyll and Alexander Cameron, Miodar, Caoles, regulating the use of storm-cast seaweed in Coales. Other names mentioned: Isabella MacArthur, Harbour; Alexander MacArthur, Harbour; Alexander MacLean (Snr); Hugh MacLean; John MacFadyen; Hector MacDonald; Lachlan MacLean; Alexander MacLean (Jnr); Hugh MacDiarmid (Factor), Island House; John Disselduff (Sheriff-Clerk Oban).

 

 

2017.6.4

Hardback book ‘Gaelic Scotland: The Transformation of a Culture Region’ by W. J. Withers, 1988. Covers the process of cultural change in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland, particularly during the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. (Including policies of successive governments, the decline of the Gaelic language, and the Clearances.) Tiree mentioned pages 8, 181, 209, 214, 219, 225, 241, 285, 357, 359, 373-5 & 380.

2017.6.2

Hardback book ‘The Transformation of Rural Scotland: Social Change and the Agrarian Economy 1660-1815’ by T.M. Devine, 1994. Original archive material is used in this book to explore the social revolution when, in the 18th-century, the old peasant society of lowland Scotland was replaced by a new order of capitalist farmers and landless labourers. Covers a range of issues, including the seventeenth-century rural social structure, the eighteenth-century agrarian economy, landlordism and improvement, the evolution of the tenant farming class, and the dispossession of the cottar class. (Tiree mentioned on page 134.)

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