Tag Archives: kelp industry

2022.1.111

Tiree Estate – papers relating to land agitation, 1884. From the archives of the Dukes of Argyll at Inveraray Castle, made available through the Written in the Landscape project.

Click to view all transcripts of the following papers (via Inveraray’s online catalogue):

1 23-28 Apr 1884. Journal of Lord Lorne, in the form of an extended letter to the 8th Duke of Argyll, of his visit to the island – meeting with deputation of crofters – exploration of various ‘Danish forts’, and his finds – ‘This is the worst place for begging for assistance I have ever known, not even excepting a Red Indian Camp. Everybody comes and asks for something’ – describes the places he visits – believes the Duke ‘would be well rid of this island’ – ‘a miserable place’ – refers to the Stanford Company and its trucking system.

2 3 May 1884. W P Edwards, London, to Lord Lorne – encouraging emigration from Tiree.

3 8 Dec 1884. Names of Cottars who invaded Hough & Cornaigmore.

4 Undated [1884]. List of Cottars, Tiree [does not include the whole island]

5 31 Mar 1884. Rev John McRury, Tiree, to Lady Elyn – explaining at length why the people have turned against him, for refusing the use of the church for Land Law Reform meetings – the Baptist and Free Church ministers apparently support the agitators.

6 12 Apr 1884. Report by Hugh MacDiarmid, the Factor – refers to the Land Law Reform meeting – ‘There was a procession with a piper at its head, they also had flags’.

7 1884. Letter from the Duke to the fishermen of Balemartin, Tiree

8 1884 May 16. Duke’s reply (via Rev J G Campbell) to letter from N McNiell, Vaul.

2021.28.1

Academic paper on ‘The Natural and Economic History of Kelp’ by Archibald and Nan Clow, published in the Annals of Science in 1947. Although Tiree is not mentioned in the paper, it gives an excellent account of the kelp industry, which boomed on Tiree during the 1800s.

Click here for Page 1. The full text is available at www.tandfonline.com/loi/tasc20 and a printed copy is held in An Iodhlann.

2020.64.1

Softback book ‘The Secret Island – towards a history of Tiree’, 2014. Published proceedings of a three-day conference held on Tiree by the Islands Book Trust in September 2013, with chapters by many authors on a wide variety of aspects of Tiree’s history and culture.

Click here to view contents

2017.70.4

Memoirs of Alistair MacNeill, Hynish, ‘They were our Vital Sparks’ which recall his fascination with the coal puffers that visited Hynish to off-load coal and other goods during the 1950s. The puffers also took away bundles of kelp for processing on the mainland.

Click here to view 2017.70.4

2017.6.4

Hardback book ‘Gaelic Scotland: The Transformation of a Culture Region’ by W. J. Withers, 1988. Covers the process of cultural change in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland, particularly during the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. (Including policies of successive governments, the decline of the Gaelic language, and the Clearances.) Tiree mentioned pages 8, 181, 209, 214, 219, 225, 241, 285, 357, 359, 373-5 & 380.

2016.14.1

University assignment ‘The Isle of Tiree: One of a Kind’ written in 2013 by Leanne Piper, University of Guelph, Canada, who is descended from emmigrants John MacKinnon (1816-1896) and Grace Campbell (b.1811), Cornaigbeg. Includes information on geography, crofting history, geology, the kelp industry and architecture.

Click here to view 2016.14.1

2011.101.1

Academic papers about seaweed

Photocopies of 8 academic papers about seaweed with particular reference to ethnobotany, and a covering letter about the papers from Harry Powel to Nicola Pilkington 5/7/2011. (1) A study of certain British seaweed and their utilisation in the preparation of Agar. Marshall, Newton and Orr 1949; (2) Teachers` Notes – kelp burning. c. 1999; (3) The study of certain Red Seaweeds in relation to their use in Agar production. Newton 1947; (3b) A seaweed survey of Scotland – Fucaceae, 1945-1946. Walker 1947; (4) Distribution of Laminariaceae around Scotland. Walker 1954; (5) extract from Cast weed survey, Part 1. Survey of certain Orkney, Lewis, north Uist, Barra and Tiree beaches, 1945/1946. Scottish Seaweed Research Association 1947; (6) extract from Cast weed survey, Part 2. 1946-7. Walker 1948. (7) Seaweeds and rocky shores of the Outer Hebrides. Norton & Powell 1979.

2010.50.4

Mounted news article about Edward Charles Cortis-Stanford – pioneer of the Scottish seaweed industry

Laminated and mounted newspaper article regarding Edward Cortis-Stanford`s seaweed industry in the Scottish islands, including Tiree, in the 1800s. Was on display in the Thatched Cottage Museum, Sandaig, until its closure and sale in 2010. In two panels with copper hanging wire.

2010.37.3

Newspaper article about the Tiree seaweed industry

Laminated newspaper article about pioneer Edward Charles Cortis-Stanford and the Tiree seaweed industry, including photographs of the ruins of Stanford`s kelp factory at Middleton, and seaweed collection on Uist. Unknown publication details.

2010.29.1

Photograph of men loading tangle onto a lorry at Scarinish pier ca 1960

Black & white photograph of men loading tangle (kelp stalks) onto a lorry at Scarinish pier ca 1960. L-R: Hector Brown, Balevullin, Hugh MacDonald, Mannal House, John Neil MacPhail, piermaster standing on the lorry.

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