Academic paper on ‘The Natural and Economic History of Kelp’ by Archibald and Nan Clow, published in the Annals of Science in 1947. Although Tiree is not mentioned in the paper, it gives an excellent account of the kelp industry, which boomed on Tiree during the 1800s.
Click here forPage 1. The full text is available at www.tandfonline.com/loi/tasc20 and a printed copy is held in An Iodhlann.
Softback book ‘The Secret Island – towards a history of Tiree’, 2014. Published proceedings of a three-day conference held on Tiree by the Islands Book Trust in September 2013, with chapters by many authors on a wide variety of aspects of Tiree’s history and culture.
Memoirs of Alistair MacNeill, Hynish, ‘They were our Vital Sparks’ which recall his fascination with the coal puffers that visited Hynish to off-load coal and other goods during the 1950s. The puffers also took away bundles of kelp for processing on the mainland.
Hardback book ‘Gaelic Scotland: The Transformation of a Culture Region’ by W. J. Withers, 1988. Covers the process of cultural change in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland, particularly during the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. (Including policies of successive governments, the decline of the Gaelic language, and the Clearances.) Tiree mentioned pages 8, 181, 209, 214, 219, 225, 241, 285, 357, 359, 373-5 & 380.
University assignment ‘The Isle of Tiree: One of a Kind’ written in 2013 by Leanne Piper, University of Guelph, Canada, who is descended from emmigrants John MacKinnon (1816-1896) and Grace Campbell (b.1811), Cornaigbeg. Includes information on geography, crofting history, geology, the kelp industry and architecture.
Photocopies of 8 academic papers about seaweed with particular reference to ethnobotany, and a covering letter about the papers from Harry Powel to Nicola Pilkington 5/7/2011. (1) A study of certain British seaweed and their utilisation in the preparation of Agar. Marshall, Newton and Orr 1949; (2) Teachers` Notes – kelp burning. c. 1999; (3) The study of certain Red Seaweeds in relation to their use in Agar production. Newton 1947; (3b) A seaweed survey of Scotland – Fucaceae, 1945-1946. Walker 1947; (4) Distribution of Laminariaceae around Scotland. Walker 1954; (5) extract from Cast weed survey, Part 1. Survey of certain Orkney, Lewis, north Uist, Barra and Tiree beaches, 1945/1946. Scottish Seaweed Research Association 1947; (6) extract from Cast weed survey, Part 2. 1946-7. Walker 1948. (7) Seaweeds and rocky shores of the Outer Hebrides. Norton & Powell 1979.
Mounted news article about Edward Charles Cortis-Stanford – pioneer of the Scottish seaweed industry
Laminated and mounted newspaper article regarding Edward Cortis-Stanford`s seaweed industry in the Scottish islands, including Tiree, in the 1800s. Was on display in the Thatched Cottage Museum, Sandaig, until its closure and sale in 2010. In two panels with copper hanging wire.
Newspaper article about the Tiree seaweed industry
Laminated newspaper article about pioneer Edward Charles Cortis-Stanford and the Tiree seaweed industry, including photographs of the ruins of Stanford`s kelp factory at Middleton, and seaweed collection on Uist. Unknown publication details.
Photograph of men loading tangle onto a lorry at Scarinish pier ca 1960
Black & white photograph of men loading tangle (kelp stalks) onto a lorry at Scarinish pier ca 1960. L-R: Hector Brown, Balevullin, Hugh MacDonald, Mannal House, John Neil MacPhail, piermaster standing on the lorry.
Appendix H: Evidence to the Napier Commission, from “Tiree – an unauthorised biography”
Printout of Appendix H: Evidence to the Napier Commission, from “Tiree – an unauthorised biography”. Report by Edward Charles Stanford to the Napier Commission regarding the profitability of the kelp industry on Tiree around 1870.