Dates: 1840s

1 2 3 20


A digitised copy of a volume containing accounts and rentals for Tiree’s crofts from 1845 to 1887. The volume was prepared by Messrs Lindsay, Howe & Co.

For each township there is given: a table with figures for sowning (horses, cows, stirks, and sheep) and acreage (arable, pasture, common); a tabular abstract containing the number of holdings and tenants, total rents, improvement outlay (drainage and buildings) and notes; a ‘detailed history of crofts’ providing an overview of changes which the individual holdings in each township have undergone as regards tenancy, rent, consolidation, enlargement, or otherwise.

There is no data provided in the tabular abstract for the years 1846, 1866 and 1867.

From the archives of the Dukes of Argyll at Inveraray Castle, made available through the Written in the Landscape project.


Digitised copy of a map of Tiree showing townships and numbers of tenants in 1848. The map appears to show all townships, but not all have tenant numbers attached. Geographical features are also named (bays, lochs, harbours, moss, ‘the reef or great green plan’).

From the archives of the Dukes of Argyll at Inveraray Castle, made available through the Written in the Landscape project.


Digitised copy of a marine and landscape map of Tiree. The landscape is depicted in detail, including crofts, field boundaries, schools, churches, mills, shops, smithies, fanks, quarries, stores, kelp sheds, Middleton Chemical Works, ruins, standing stones, pasture, blown sand, raised beaches. No surveyor is listed.

From the archives of the Dukes of Argyll at Inveraray Castle, made available through the Written in the Landscape project.


Academic paper on ‘The Natural and Economic History of Kelp’ by Archibald and Nan Clow, published in the Annals of Science in 1947. Although Tiree is not mentioned in the paper, it gives an excellent account of the kelp industry, which boomed on Tiree during the 1800s.

Click here for Page 1. The full text is available at and a printed copy is held in An Iodhlann.


Colour-printed scans of documents from the Argyll Papers, Inveraray Castle, displayed in An Iodhlann during the ‘Written in the Landscape’ exhibtion, 2019:

1. Sketch of the set of Tiree attempting to show where tenancies of 4 Mail Lands are practicable, 22 March 1803. (Ref: Argyll Papers PFV 65/75)

2. Statement showing the number of tenants and cottars and the livestock held by them on the Island of Tiree in 1848. (Ref: Argyll Papers NRAS 1209/3035)

3. Plan of the farm of Kenavay in the island of Tirii now divided into thirteen farms nearly to four male lands each, surveyed and divided by George Langlands, 1802. (Ref: Argyll Papers PV19/04)

4. List of men levied in the Island of Tiree for the Regiment of Fencibles of Argyllshire, 1759. (Ref: Argyll Papers NRAS 1209/324)

5. Plan of encroachments made upon the Reef by the taxman of the farm of Balephetrish… [by George Langlands, ca 1802]. (Ref: Argyll Papers PV 19/08)

6. Roll of arrears for tenants in Tiree in 1764. (Ref: Argyll Papers PFV 65/32)

7. Account of cash expended by the Bailie of Tiree on recruiting for the West Fencibles, summer and harvest 1778. (Ref: Argyll Papers NRAS 1209/324)

8. Sales brochure for Tiree, 1904. (Ref: Argyll Papers NRAS 1209/2766)

9. Letter from MacDiarmid to the Duke dated 1884 regarding shebeening women. (Ref: Argyll Papers NRAS 1209/906/10)

10. Letter from MacQuarrie to Wylie dated 1876 regarding Flora Lamont of Balephuil selling whisky. (Ref: Argyll Papers NRAS 1209/907)

11. Letter dated 1847 from Lord Lorne to Lord Grey about those Tiree inhabitants who can and cannot afford to emigrate. (Ref: Argyll Papers NRAS 1209/1531)

12. Postcard showing Kenavara Point from Dun Hiader, undated. (Ref: Argyll Papers Acc 2016/01)

13. Letter dated 1806 from Malcolm McLaurine, Tiree, describing the progress of Langland’s survey of the island. (Ref: Argyll Papers NRAS 1209/401)

1 2 3 20